Computer science is critical to our future, not only because of the number of computing-related jobs created every year, but also because it develops critical thinking skills needed to solve complex problems, creativity that fosters new ideas, and skills to drive innovation in tech and other fields. Further, as the use of computers and online technology continues to grow, many in fields traditionally not directly linked to computer science now need more advanced computer and programming skills for their day-to-day job functions.
Until now, limited data were available about U.S. students' early exposure to computer science -- and to opportunities that could influence whether they studied computer science or pursued careers in this field. To fill this gap, Google commissioned Gallup to conduct a comprehensive research effort to better understand these factors among U.S. students.
In its first year (2014-2015), the new study examined perceptions about the value of computer science among crucial stakeholders in K-12 education, access and barriers to computer science education and evaluated opportunities for students to become more involved in computer science before college. In its second year (2015- 2016), the study covered trends in these key issues as well as a deeper dive into differences in access.
About the Study
These reports present findings from the first two years of Gallup and Google's multi-year, comprehensive research effort to better understand perceptions of CS and access to CS learning opportunities in K-12 schools in the U.S.
- In the first year, Gallup surveyed more than 15,000 seventh- to 12th-grade students and parents of seventh- to 12th-grade students via telephone, and K-12 teachers, principals and superintendents via web surveys.
- In the second year, Gallup used a similar methodology and surveyed more than 16,000 seventh- to 12th-grade students, parents of seventh-to 12th-grade students, and K-12 teachers, principals and superintendents.
Full detail on methodology can be found at the end of each report.